In construction, material handling, manufacturing and warehousing applications, forklifts are normally utilized to move and raise palletized loads. With manual-drive forklifts, the travel or load movement is either powered manually or walk-behind. Motorized drive forklifts have a motorized drive. In numerous kinds of forklifts, the forklift has a protected seat or cab for the driver. Fork trucks have features like for example backup alarms, and cabs and are also motorized. Various models of forklifts are counterbalanced in order to prevent the vehicle from turning over. Other kinds of forklifts come outfitted with safety rails, or a rotating element like for example a turntable or a hand rail.
The stroke and lift capacity are other factors which you should take into consideration when choosing a type of forklift. Lift capacity is defined as the supportable, maximum load or force. Stroke is defined as the difference between fully raised and fully lowered lift positions.
The type of tire and the type of fuel are also other vital specifications which must be considered. The available fuel choices include: LP or liquid propane, natural gas, electricity, CNG or compressed natural gas, propane, diesel or gasoline.
There are two basic types of tires for fork trucks and forklifts: solid and pneumatic. The solid or cushion tires require less maintenance compared to pneumatic tires and do not easily puncture. Air-inflated or pneumatic tires offer load cushioning and great drive traction. At the end of the day, solid or cushion tires provide less shock absorption.
Usually used on rough terrain are Class VII forklifts. These kinds of machines are often used in agriculture, construction and in logging environments. Lastly, Class VIII forklifts include all personnel and burden carriers. Dual Fuel lift trucks frequently fit in this class.