Classification of Forklift Trucks
For little under a century, the forklift truck has been working its magic. Even now, this type of machine is found in each and every warehouse operation throughout the world.
Because of WWI, there were shortages of manpower which resulted in the construction of the first forklifts. Companies like for example Clark and Yale & Town introduced the material handling machine that utilized powered lift tractors in their factories. During the year 1918, Clark saw the potential for these machinery and started selling them.
From a basic tractor with an attachment, the forklift design changed during the 1920s, to a dedicated machine equipped with a vertical lifting mast. The forklift developed and became more advanced with WWII. The forklift played a key role during this time in the handling of supplies for different armies throughout the globe. It was also at this time that the introduction of the wooden pallet proved the need for the lift truck in the material handling business.
When the Second World War ended, the forklift gained momentum and continued to develop. During the 1950s, battery operated forklifts made an appearance. There were other more specialized forklift models introduced such as the Narrow Aisle Reach truck. This particular model was made by the Raymond Corporation. In the 1960s and 1970s, improvements were made within the electronic controls area. This made forklifts a lot more versatile and businesses were able to look at warehouse efficiency.
There are numerous options you could use to power a forklift today. These comprise electric battery, diesel, compressed natural gas or CNG, gasoline, LPG or liquid propane gas. The first hybrid forklift was developed by Mitsubishi. It currently runs on diesel battery and lithium ion. This particular type uses 39% less fuel than existing models. Statistics show that its carbon dioxide emissions are approximately 14.6 tons less compared to those forklift models that are powered by IC or internal combustion engines.